Feet - Trimming the feet involves shaping the foot from the top, trimming hair from the underside of the foot and trimming hair
           between the toes.
1.    Using the toe nail length as a guide, trim around the edge of the foot up to the toenails.  (The photo shoes trimming the foot so the
toenails show but this is for the show ring and takes much more time.)  Just neaten up the foot for your companion Golden or for  
obedience or other events.
2.    Keeping the hair short on the under side of the foot will keep your house much cleaner!  Trim away all excess hair close to the
pads.  At first you may need to just trim a little as this can be very "ticklish" (I assume) for the dog.  
3.    You may also pull the hair up from between the toes from the top side and trim away all excess hair.  (Sorry no photo for this.)
  Hocks and Pastern
1.    The rear hock hair can be removed completely on the pet so that they bring less dirt into the house.  Brush the hair out away from
the        hock and trim as close as you desire to the leg.  The photo shows a slicker type brush but your pin brush will work fine.
2.    Similar to hocks, the front pastern hair can be brushed away from pastern and trimmed close to keep feet cleaner.  
Elbows and Tail
1.   Often dogs will form calluses on their elbows from laying on concrete patios or other hard surfaces.  The hair in this area is a cow-lick
so it often spreads out and allows a callus to form.  Just brush this area briskly so that any dead skin is removed and to keep the hair
growing and the callus from forming.
2.   Hold the tail as shown in the photo.  Keep your fingers about ½ inch away from the end of the trail.  Trim excess hair off and “round
off” the end of the tail.  Drop tail and trim slightly to have a smooth curve rather than a “kink”.  Do very  little trimming as the tail
hair should have a natural look not a "cut" edge.
Brushing a dog’s teeth only keeps them clean if you do it three times day – who has time for that?  So if you choose to you can
purchase two dental tools for scraping the teeth (photo above).  One has a flat surface to remove any plaque build-up.  Carefully use
the tool and go just under the gum line.   The other tool is like a tooth pick and is used to clean out crevices in the back molars.  You
do not have to clean the inside of the dog’s teeth.  Their saliva keeps this side of the teeth clean.  The alternative is to have your dog’s
teeth done at the vet but that is expensive and it is best to avoid anesthesia.  Recently there are methods to clean teeth without
anesthesia. However, if you are feeding a raw diet with chicken wings or beef ribs for one of the meals, the teeth should not need to
be cleaned but every few months if that.  It depends on the dog.  If not feeding any raw meaty bones as one meal, the dog should
have a large raw bone to gnaw on about once a week.  "Soup" bones from the super market are best as they are large and cannot
cause slab fractures of the back molars.  Some vet disagree on this topic, however, so use your own judgement.
Sometimes you will need to clean their bottom!  Mainly the boys, not usually the girls and I have no idea why.  Use a soft cloth or
cotton ball moistened with hand lotion and rub the area.  Let is soften any leftovers and then clean off with another cotton ball or
tissue.  (No photos of this! )
"Colorado Breeder of
Sound Golden Retrievers"